PLUMBER MISSION VIEJO CA, MISSION VIEJO PLUMBER, BEST PLUMBER MISSION VIEJO, EMERGENCY LEAKS, EMEGENCY PLUMBING, PLUMBING MISSION VIEJO CA, PLUMBING MISSION VIEJO, MISSION VIEJO PLUMBING, PLUMBING ORANGE COUNTY CA, SEWERS, CLOGS, PLUMBING, PLUMMER, WATER HEATERS, WATER HEATERS
 
PLUMBER MISSION VIEJO
VOTED BEST PLUMBING COMPANY IN ORANGE COUNTY CA
EMERGENCY, SLAB LEAKS, WATER HEATERS, DRAINS, BATHROOMS, KITCHENS, TOILET REPAIR
PLUMMER, LEAKS, BATHROOMS, KITCHENS, PIPING, REPIPING, INSTALLATION OF TUBS, SINKS, DRAINS, JACUZZIS, BATHTUBS, SHOWERS, TOILETS, FLOODING, WATER SOFTENERS, WATER FILTERS, APPLIANCE INSTALLATION, WATER DAMAGE, DRAIN LINES, FAUCETS, WATER HEATING, WATER, WATER PURIFICATION SYSTEMS, REVERSE OSMOSIS, VALVES, KITCHEN APPLIANCES, DISHWASHERS

" An Honest AFFORDABLE Plumber You Can Trust ! "
Acting is not an important job in the scheme of things. Plumbing is. Spencer Tracy
(949)230-4648
Call Today!

Read Our Reviews:
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INCREDELICIOUS
 
 
EMERGENCY LEAKS CALL NOW! - Water HeatersSlab LeaksLeaksDrainsSinksTubsToiletsPiping & Plumbing Fittings KitchensBathrooms Sewers Water Purification Water Softening Appliances Affordable Faucets
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PLUMBER
MISSION VIEJO .com



ART'S PLUMBING
PlumberMissionViejo.com

26980 Crown Valley Pkwy
MIssion Viejo, CA 92691

VOTED BEST
PLUMBER IN

ORANGE COUNTY

CALL NOW!
(949)230-4648

Read Our Reviews:

YAHOO

INCREDELICIOUS


 
 

EMAIL:
CONTACT US ONLINE

How do you become famous?
Helping people! Changing their lives and making a difference in their lives. Loving them... Eric Brenn



This Business was Awarded

Best in Business

Orange County CA, Visit: OrangeCountyCA
BusinessDirectory.com

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  ARTICLES:

ARTICLE 1:
Cpvc Pipe Installation Tips From a Professional Plumber (32,556 Visits)

ARTICLE 2:
Do Tankless Water Heaters Really Save Energy? (8,170 Visits)

ARTICLE 3:
Stop Leaks Before They Drain Your Wallet (1330 Visits)
ARTICLE 4:
Sometimes Even the Best Garbage Disposal Clogs Up. What Do You Do? (2,413 Visits)
ARTICLE 5:
Bathtub Faucet Repair Tips and Techniques (72,431 Visits)
ARTICLE 6:
How to Clear Clogged Drains Without Calling a Plumber (16,443 Visits)
ARTICLE 7:
No Hot Water: No Problem, Fix it Yourself! (25,639 Visits)
ARTICLE 8:
How to Unclog a Toilet Without Calling a Plumber (40,720 Visits)
ARTICLE 9:
Advantages and disadvantages of PVC for plumbing uses (3517 Visits)
ARTICLE 10:
TO PEX OR NOT TO PEX? THAT IS THE QUESTION (5,683 Visits)
ARTICLE 11:
Stop Your Toilet From Hissing (4,886 Visits)
ARTICLE 12:
Understanding Noisy Water Pipes (8,401 Visits)
  Academic:
Information Article 1:
About Plumbing
Information Article 2:
About Water Heaters
Information Article 3:
About Kitchens
Information Article 4:
About Bathrooms
Information Article 5:
About Plumbers
Information Article 6:
About Sewers
Information Article 7:
About Toilets
Information Article 8:
About Sinks
Information Article 9:
About Faucets
Information Article 10:
About Piping
Information Article 11:
About Mission Viejo CA
 


Aliso Viejo 92656, 92698, Anaheim 92801, 92802, 92803, 92804, 92805, 92806, 92807, 92808, 92809, 92812, 92814, 92815, 92816, 92817, 92825, 92850, 92899, Atwood, 92811, Brea, 92821, 92822,92823, Buena Park, 90620 ,90621,90622, 90624, Capistrano Beach, 92624, Corona del Mar, 92625, Costa Mesa, 92626, 92627, 92628, Cypress, 90630, Dana Point, 92629, East Irvine, 92650, El Toro, 92609, Foothill Ranch, 92610, Fountain Valley, 92708, 92728, Fullerton, 92831, 92832, 92833, 92834, 92835, 92836, 92837, 92838, Garden Grove, 92840, 92841, 92842, 92843 ,92844, 92845, 92846, Huntington Beach , 92605, 92615, 92646, 92647, 92648, 92649, Irvine, 92602, 92603, 92604, 92606, 92612, 92614, 92616, 92617, 92618, 92619, 92620, 92623, 92697, La Habra, 90631, 90632, 90633, La Palma, 90623, Ladera Ranch, 92694, Laguna Beach , 92651, 92652, Laguna Hills ,92653, 92654,92607,92677, Laguna Woods, 92637,Lake Forest, 92630, Los Alamitos, 90720, 90721, Midway City, 92655, Mission Viejo, 92690, 92691, 92692,Newport Beach , 92658, 92659, 92660, 92661, 92662, 92663, 92657, Orange, 92856, 92857, 92859, 92862, 92863, 92864, 92865, 92866, 92867, 92868, 92869, Placentia, 92870, 92871, Rancho Santa Margarita 92688, San Clemente, 92672, 92673, 92674, San Juan Capistrano, 92675, 92693, Santa Ana , 92701, 92702, 92703, 92704, 92705 ,92706, 92707, 92711, 92712, 92725.92735, 92799, Seal Beach , 90740, Silverado 92676, Stanton, 90680, Sunset Beach 90742, Surfside 90743, Trabuco Canyon, 92678, 92679, Tustin ,92780, 92781,92782, Villa Park, 92861, Westminster, 92683, 92684, 92685, Yorba Linda, 92885, 92886, 92887

PLUMBER MISSION VIEJO ORANGE COUNTY, PLUMBING PLUMMER, WATER HEATERS, TOILET REPAIR, LEAKS, SLAB LEAKS, BATHROOMS, KITCHENS piping, repiping, installation of tubs, sinks, drains, jacuzzis, bathtubs, showers, toilets, flooding, water softeners, water filters, appliance installation, water damage, drain lines, sewer, faucets, water heating, water, cooling, drain lines, faucets, water purification systems, reverse osmosis, valves, kitchen appliances, dishwashers, garbage disposals, An Honest AFFORDABLE Plumber You Can Trust !

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PLUMBER MISSION VIEJO
Serving: Mission Viejo, Rancho Santa Margarita, Coto De Caza, Lake Forest, Laguna Beach, Laguna Niguel, Laguna Hills, Laguna Woods, Leisure World, San Juan Capistrano, Las Flores, Ladera Ranch, Silverado Canyon, Trabucco Canyon, San Clemente, Aliso Viejo, Foothill Ranch, El Toro. Newport Beach, Newport Coast, Balboa Island, Costa Mesa, Irvine, Tustin, Orange

When you have a problem with your plumbing call me, my name is Art.

It is my job to do an honest job for you with work that is reliable, quick and for a reasonable price. It is that simple. Some of my customers call me the honest plumber. But the truth is I just did my job.


"A PLUMBER I CAN DEPEND ON!"
"I recently referred a job to Arturo Gonzalez of Art's Plumbing. Art was able to get to the property within an hour to look at the job, and give the client a quote for the work that needed to be done. As a general contractor it is very important to me that I have a plumber that I can depend on at any time. Art is most definitely that person. Thanks Art." - Jack, Rancho Santa Margarita, CA


I don't use any gimics like smelling good or wear a tie. I simply do the best job I can for you and try to help you get your life back as soon as possible. If you read what my customers say about me, it inspires me as well. Most of my work is residential, however I have do a number of commercial repair jobs too. If it leaks, does not drain, or needs installation, I can help!


"DID THE JOB IN ONE QUARTER THE COST!"
"Arturo Gonzalez installed a water heater for me at my dental office. A previous plumber had quoted me a very high fee saying he had to do it in the dead of night since he had to turn off the water when other tenants were gone. Arturo did the job for about one fourth the cost in the light of day! Let’s hear it for honesty!" - Richard Foushee DDS, Aliso Viejo, CA

Thanks for choosing me as your plumber. I am only a phone call away. IF YOU HAVE AN EMERGENCY CALL NOW! WATER DAMAGES MORE OF YOUR HOME EVERY MOMENT. WITH EMERGENCIES MANY TIMES I CAN START HELPING YOU RIGHT OVER THE PHONE IN MINTUES!


"HE DID A GREAT JOB!"
"Art is a very reliable plumber. He knows everythng about your plumbling and will get the job done correctly, quickly, neatly, and reasonably. He came out to our house for a leaking water heater, while we were out of state he arrived within 15 minutes of our call! He did a great job for a friend who I referred to him. I would definitely recommend art for any of your plumbing needs."
- Marian, Lake Forest, CA

HERE ARE SOME SEVICES I CAN DO FOR YOU:

INSTALL BATHROOM FIXTURES
INSTALL TOILETS,
INSTALL SHOWERS,
INSTALL BATHTUBS,
INSTALL BATHROOM SINKS,
INSTALL KITCHEN FIXTURES,
INSTALL KITCHEN FAUCET,
INSTALL DISHWASHERS,
INSTALL GARBAGE DISPOSALS,
INSTALL WATER FILTERS,
INSTALL WATER FILTRATION SYSTEMS,
INSTALL REVERSE OSMOSIS SYSTEMS,
INSTALL REFRIGERATOR WATER SUPPLY,
INSTALL BAR SINKS,
INSTALL POT FILLERS,
INSTALL SOFT WATER SYSTEMS,
INSTALL KITCHEN SINK,

INSTALL OR REPLACE WITH PEX
FIX SLAB LEAKS,
INSTALL NEW FAUCETS,
FIX LEAKING FAUCETS AND TOILETS,
UNCLOG DRAINS,
INSTALL LAUNDRY SINKS,
INSTALL WASHERS AND PLUMBING,
INSTALL PLUMBING FIXTURES,
FIND LEAKS IN WALLS AND REPAIR THEM,
REPIPE,
INSTALL NEW VALVES,
INSTALL NEW WATER HEATERS,
FIX GARBAGE DISPOSALS,
INSTALL BACKFLOW PREVENTORS,
REBUILD SINKS,
ROUTER PIPES,
HOME PLUMBING INSPECTION,
ADD HOSE BIBS AND OUTDOOR PLUMBING,
PRESSURE WASH DRAINS AND MUCH MORE...


Call Art Today at: (949)230-4648

 
 

OUR RESIDENTIAL PLUMBING SERVICES:


Sewer and Drain Cleaning
We will clear blockages on all interior and exterior drain lines.

Drain cleaning
Unblock sewer pipes or help to prevent the occurrence of clogged drains

Sewer line repair
Excavation and Repair, Replacement and cleanup, CIPP Lining, Permits

Rooter service
The name actually came from the original culprit for stopped up drains: ROOTS

Rooter service is a draom cleaning machine. When the sewer is clogged and a special device called a snake is used to clear the blockage and take out any roots.

Water treatment and conditioning
Water softeners, house filter systems, drinking water systems,

Leak detection
Finding leaks in pipes and walls, or in sewer pipes.

Slab leak repair
A water leak under the concrete slab foundation

Copper repiping or PEX repiping
PEX: Resists corrosion, pitting and scaling Eliminates water hammer and singing pipes

Gas, electric or tankless water heaters
Complete repair or replacement of water heaters. We even will take away the old water heater.

Garbage disposal repair or Installation
Complete Repair and in some cases warranty on garbage disposal.

 

 

Plumbing Repair
Faucets, sinks, toilets, water lines, drain lines, slab leaks, water heaters, backflow devices, and pumps.

Plumbing Replacement
Faucets, sinks, toilets, water lines, drain lines, slab leaks, water heaters, backflow devices, and pumps.

Backflow Devices
Backflow devices protect the water supply from cross connection contamination. If you have an irrigation system, you have a backflow device that should be inspected, tested and certified annually. Every commercial building has one also. We can keep you safe with annual backflow inspections.

Water Heaters
Complete repair or replacement of water heaters.

Faucet repair, replacement and installation
Complete repair or replacement of interior and exterior faucets.

Sink repair, replacement and installation
Complete repair or replacement of kitchen, bar, lavatory, utility, and service sinks.

Toilet repair, replacement or installation
Complete repair or replacement of all toilets, including standard elongated two-piece, one-piece, and ADA approved toilets.

Heating and Cooling
Complete repair or replacement of water heating and cooling systems.


Tub and shower repair, replacement or installation
Complete repair or replacement or upgrade of plumbing for tub and showers

 

 
 

FAQ - FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS:

My Water Bill Just Went Up – What Should I Do?
Water rates are usually consistent. Sudden increases are therefore generally symptoms of a bigger problem. If you notice that your water bill increases by more than 20% without explanation (such as guests or a new bathroom having been installed) in any given billing period, it’s time to start looking for causes.

A very high increase is almost always due to a leak of some kind. If you cannot find the leak, check your property – there could always be water coming up from a water line somewhere. Whether you can find the problem or not, when faced with a leak or even the idea that you might have one, it’s important to call a professional early to prevent any unnecessary damage.

Why Do My Drains Smell Horrible and How Do I Prevent This?
Drains are designed to prevent smells from coming back inside your home, so if you suddenly find yourself wrinkling your nose whenever you enter the bathroom, there is a problem. Fortunately, it is almost always an easy one to fix. The vast majority of odd smelling drains are the result of a dried out trap. Every drain has a U-shaped trap designed to hold a small amount of water at all times. This water blocks sewer gasses from travelling back up your plumbing and into your house. When the trap dries out, there is no barrier and you’ll begin to notice a smell when you enter the room. The simple solution is to pour water down drains in your house that aren’t used often. If this doesn’t resolve the problem, you’ll need to call a professional who can thoroughly inspect your system to track down the problem.

Why is My Hot Water Not Working?
For the most part, tank water heaters are good for 10 years or more, so older units in particular will need a professional inspection to assess the situation and help you review your options. Replacement is the easiest solution in most of these cases, especially given the energy efficiency of modern systems. However, in some others, a broken heating element or sensor can also be a problem. Try to turn up the temperature setting on your water heater and see if it produces hotter water. If not, it’s definitely time to talk to a professional plumber.

Why Is My Shower Pressure so Weak?
A weak shower pressure may be due to the accumulation of debris and other waste substance that has clogged your shower head.

My Toilet Fills up Frequently, Why?
A toilet that fills up frequently could indicate that water is leaking from the tank to the bowl. The lift chain could be tangled or the flapper could be defected.

How Do I Fix a Clogged Bathtub and Sink Drain?
Oftentimes, bathtubs and sink drains are clogged because of hair. One trick is to use the metal end of a coat hanger and scoop inside the drain to remove hair blockage. Afterwards, flush with warm water and disinfectant.

When should I replace my hot water tank?
Predicting when a water tank will start to leak is very difficult . Rather, I would be more interested in where the water will travel if the tank were to leak. It is recommended that a tank drainage pan be installed to prevent damage to your investment. If this is not possible it is recommended that a draining tube be installed to move the leakage away to a safe drainage area.

What causes your toilet to run?
It may be one thing or a combination of factors: * Check to see that the flapper is not deformed. * The fill valve may have dirt in it or worn out. * The float ball may be stuck in the down position.

What causes bubbling in the toliet?
That is a prelude to a stoppage. The line has a partial blockage.

Do over the counter drain cleaners really work?
They are more for preventitive maintenance. Extremely effective drain cleaners are used by professionals and are not available over the counter.

What food refuse can not go down the garbage disposal?
Seeds, bones, anything that swells; i.e., pasta, rice wheat germ, etc.

Our hot water runs out faster than it used to. What causes that?
If you have an electric water heater, usually one of the heating elements is burnt out.

What is a vent, and what does it do for the plumbing system?
If you look on your roof, you will see pipes sticking out of the roof aprox 12" high. For every pipe that goes down, one needs to go up. The obvious reason we have vents is that sewer gases need to be vented outside of the dwelling. Not so obvious is what happens if they are not included in the waste and vent design. Imagine yourself at McDonalds drinking a soda from a straw. If you put your thumb over the straw, you can pull liquid up from the cup. Remove the thumb and see it instantly drain out! When liquid goes down a pipe, air needs to follow it. Without the vent pipe, the draining liquid will try to suck air through the P-traps on the plumbing fixtures,(tub, sink, etc.) glurp, glurp! If it manages to do so, you may know it from the "smell" coming from the now dry seal on the P-trap. Without vents, draining one fixture may cause another fixture in the house to back up, yuck! A waste and vent system should keep sewer gas out of the dwelling and drain every fixture well.

Should I drain my water heater periodically?
You should drain your heater at least once a year to prevent buildup of sediment, calcium and magnesium.

Do you handle emergencies?
Yes, please give as a call we handle emergencies.

 
 


REVIEWS & Testimonials:
What People are Saying About Art at PlumberMissionViejo.com...

"VERY CLEAN AND PROFESSIONAL!"

"I am a general contractor and Art has worked for me several times. His work is always very clean, professional and very reasonably priced. I have been told several times that Art does not always push the expensive fixes, but what is the best for the customers. I highly recommend Art for all of your plumbing needs."
- Owen, Mission Viejo CA

"EXCELLENT WORK AT REASONABLE RATES!"

"Art has helped us with a couple of issues in our home. He installed a Gas Stovetop for us and has made my time spent cooking a joy! Art is very knowledgeable, does excellent work at very reasonable rates. He is dependable and prompt. Why would you even consider hiring someone else?" - Health Guru, Aliso Viejo CA

" A PLUMBER I CAN DEPEND ON!"

"I recently referred a job to Arturo Gonzalez of Art's Plumbing. Art was able to get to the property within an hour to look at the job, and give the client a quote for the work that needed to be done. As a general contractor it is very important to me that I have a plumber that I can depend on at any time. Art is most definitely that person. Thanks Art." - Jack, Rancho Santa Margarita CA

"BE SMART - CALL ART!"

"Art has helped me a number of times with my plumbing in my home. He is a great problem solver and truly skilled in his field. Be Smart - Call Art." - Yahoo Local User

"TIMELY FOR A GOOD PRICE!"

"They got right to the problem and fixed it - in a timley manner for a good price. It was a pleasure doing business with them," - Julie Paille, Laguna Niguel CA

" HE DID A GREAT JOB!"

"Art is a very reliable plumber. He knows everythng about your plumbling and will get the job done correctly, quickly, neatly, and reasonably. He came out to our house for a leaking water heater, while we were out of state he arrived within 15 minutes of our call! He did a great job for a friend who I referred to him. I would definitely recommend art for any of your plumbing needs." - Marian, Lake Forest CA

"ART IS MY PLUMBER!"

"Art came to my home fixed three items, cleaned up and left!! All done on time and resaonably. Art is my plumber!!" - R. Blum, Sam Clemente CA

"QUOTES ARE REASONABLE!"

"When Art gets a call he response promptly and his quotes are reasonable. If you want someone who does quality work at a competitive price, call Art Gonzales" - Ken, Laguna Hills CA

"FIX PROBLEM QUICKLY!!"

"Thanks for taking care of my customers. As a general contractor it is very important to have the right companies to refer to your best customers. You have always shown up on time and were able to find and fix the problem very quickly and at a reasonable cost." - Pat, Lake Forest CA

"RELIABLE SERVICE!"

"Art truly delivers a “personal touch” to his work. I am impressed with his timely, professional work, and I have heard my friends also comment on how much they liked his work. I would not hesitate to refer him to anyone looking for timely, reliable service." - Yahoo Local User

"RELIABLE KNOWLEDGEABLE AFFORDABLE!"

"Art Gonzales is reliable, knowledgeable and affordable. Art's name and number should be written in everyone's telephone book." - Tracy Murphy Attorney At Law, Aliso Viejo, CA

For More Reviews and Testimonials Click Here!


 
 

Emergency Service CALL NOW!
(949)230-4648



We Do EMERGENCY PLUMBING Repair

  • Leaky Faucets
  • Slab Leaks
  • Broken Pipes
  • Drilled Into Pipes
  • Broken Valves
  • Broken Faucets
  • Running Toilets
  • Burst Fittings
  • Leaking Hot Water Heaters
  • Broken Hot Water Heaters
  • Clogged Toilets
  • Broken Toilets
  • Broken Sewer Pipes
  • Clogged Drains
  • Broken Water Purification
  • Broken Shut Off Valves
  • Water Will Not Turn Off!
  • Broken Main LInes
  • Broken Pipes in Walls
  • Damaged Showers and Bath Tubs
  • Broken or Stuck Garbage Disposals

Call we can help FAST! I am only a phone call away. IF YOU HAVE AN EMERGENCY CALL NOW! WATER DAMAGES MORE OF YOUR HOME EVERY MOMENT. WITH EMERGENCIES MANY TIMES I CAN START HELPING YOU RIGHT OVER THE PHONE IN MINTUES!

Emergency Service CALL NOW!
(949)230-4648

 
 

Appliance Plumbing and Installations

We can handle the installationa and plumbing for all your new and replacement appliances

  • Garbage Disposals
  • Water Purifiers
  • Washing Machines
  • Hot Water Heaters
  • Misting Systems
  • Jacuzzis and Hot Tubs

Call us for your next Appliance install, repair or relocation.

 
 

Outdoor Cooling and Misting System Installations

Summers getting too hot in Orange County?

Misting for Homes and Business
Call us and have us install a professional outdoor cooling or misting system to make your fun in the sun that much more enjoyable.

  • Great for Pets
  • Patio Cooling
  • Misting Fans
  • Cabana Coolers
  • Restaurants
  • & Much More . . .
 
 

Water Purification and Softening Systems

Water Purifiers and Softeners have many benefits...

  • Prevent Corrosion of Your Pipes
  • Keeps Your Faucets Working Properly Longer
  • Less Repairs to Toilets and other Fixtures
  • Reduces Calcium Buildup in Your Bath and Shower Areas
  • Lessens Reparis to Your Washing Machine, Dishwasher and Garbage Disposal
  • Substantially Better for Your Overall Health

We can handle all your water pruificationa dn softening needs.  We only install the best equipment in a clean neat and professional manner. 

 
 

Plumbing for Bathroom and Kitchen Remodeling

Is your home getting for a makeover?  We can handle all your plumbing needs...

  • Sinks
  • Faucets
  • Showers
  • Toilets
  • Jacuzzis
  • Dishwahers
  • Garbage Disposals
  • Washing Machines

Call us and get an Estimate from the Remodeling Plumbing Professionals!



 
 

Custom Home Plumbing Services

Are you getting ready to build your dream home?  Your plumbing and fixtures can make all the difference in the world. We only uses the finest parts and fixturing to ensure a qualtiy finshed home.


 
 

 
 

WHAT IS A PLUMBER:

Plumber
Plumber at work.jpg
Residential plumber at work.
Occupation
Occupation type
Vocation
Activity sectors
Construction

A plumber is a tradesperson who specializes in installing and maintaining systems used for potable (drinking) water, sewage and drainage in plumbing systems. The term dates from ancient times, and is related to the Latin word for lead, "plumbum".

History

The word "plumber" dates from the Roman Empire. The Latin for lead is plumbum. Roman roofs used lead in conduits and drain pipes and some were also covered with lead, lead was also used for piping and for making baths. In medieval times anyone who worked with lead was referred to as a plumber as can be seen from an extract of workmen fixing a roof in Westminster Palace and were referred to as plumbers "To Gilbert de Westminster, plumber, working about the roof of the pantry of the little hall, covering it with lead, and about various defects in the roof of the little hall". Thus a person with expertise in working with lead was first known as a Plumbarius which was later shortened to plumber.

Plumbing activities

Plumber exiting a sewer via a manhole

Years of training and/or experience are needed to become a skilled plumber; some jurisdictions also require that plumbers be licensed.

Some needed skills, interests, and values

  • Reading drawings, and specifications to determine layout of water supply, waste, and venting systems
  • Detecting faults in plumbing appliances and systems, and correctly diagnosing their causes
  • Installing, repairing and maintaining domestic, commercial, and industrial plumbing fixtures and systems
  • Locating and marking positions for pipe connections, passage holes, and fixtures in walls and floors
  • Measuring, cutting, bending, and threading pipes using hand and power tools or machines
  • Joining pipes and fittings together using soldering techniques, compression fittings, threaded fittings, and push-on fittings.
  • Testing pipes for leaks using air and water pressure gauges
  • Awareness of legal regulations and safety issues
  • Ensuring safety standards and build regulations are met.

United States

Each state and locality may have its own licensing and taxing schemes for plumbers. There is no federal law establishing licenses for plumbers.

 
 

ABOUT PLUMBING:

A complex arrangement of rigid steel piping and stop valves regulate flow to various parts of the building

Plumbing is any system that conveys fluids for a wide range of applications. Heating and cooling, waste removal, and potable water delivery are among the most common uses for plumbing however plumbing's not limited to these applications. Plumbing utilizes pipes, valves, plumbing fixtures, tanks, and other apparatuses to convey fluids. Trades that work with plumbing such as boilermakers, plumbers, and pipefitters are referred to the plumbing trade. In the Developed world plumbing infrastructure is critical for public health and sanitation.

The word derives from the Latin plumbum for lead, as the first effective pipes used in Roman era were lead pipes.

History

Roman lead pipe with a folded seam, at the Roman Baths in Bath, England

Plumbing originated during ancient civilizations such as the Greek, Roman, Persian, Indian, and Chinese cities as they developed public baths and needed to provide potable water and wastewater removal, for larger numbers of people. Standardized earthen plumbing pipes with broad flanges making use of asphalt for preventing leakages appeared in the urban settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization by 2700 B.C. The Romans used lead pipe inscriptions to prevent water theft.

Plumbing reached its early apex in ancient Rome, which saw the introduction of expansive systems of aqueducts, tile wastewater removal, and widespread use of lead pipes. With the Fall of Rome both water supply and sanitation stagnated—or regressed—for well over 1,000 years. Improvement was very slow, with little effective progress made until the growth of modern densely populated cities in the 1800s. During this period, public health authorities began pressing for better waste disposal systems to be installed, to prevent or control epidemics of disease. Earlier, the waste disposal system had merely consisted of collecting waste and dumping it on the ground or into a river. Eventually the development of separate, underground water and sewage systems eliminated open sewage ditches and cesspools.

Most large cities today pipe solid wastes to sewage treatment plants in order to separate and partially purify the water, before emptying into streams or other bodies of water. For potable water use, galvanized iron piping was commonplace in the United States from the late 1800s until around 1960. After that period, copper piping took over, first soft copper with flared fittings, then with rigid copper tubing utilizing soldered fittings.

The use of lead for potable water declined sharply after World War II because of increased awareness of the dangers of lead poisoning. At this time, copper piping was introduced as a better and safer alternative to lead pipes.

Systems

Copper piping system in a building

The major categories of plumbing systems or subsystems are:

Materials

Water systems of ancient times relied on gravity for the supply of water, using pipes or channels usually made of clay, lead, bamboo, wood, or stone. Hollowed wooden logs wrapped in steel banding were used for plumbing pipes, particularly water mains. Logs were used for water distribution in England close to 500 years ago. US cities began using hollowed logs in the late 1700s through the 1800s. Today, most plumbing supply pipe is made out of steel, copper, and plastic; most waste (also known as "soil") out of steel, copper, plastic, and cast iron.

The straight sections of plumbing systems are called "pipes" or "tubes". A pipe is typically formed via casting or welding, whereas a tube is made through extrusion. Pipe normally has thicker walls and may be threaded or welded, while tubing is thinner-walled and requires special joining techniques such as brazing, compression fitting, crimping, or for plastics, solvent welding. These joining techniques are discussed in more detail in the piping and plumbing fittings article.

Steel

Main article: Galvanized pipe

Galvanized steel potable water supply and distribution pipes are commonly found with nominal pipe sizes from 3/8 inch (9.5 mm) to 2 inches (51 mm). It is rarely used today for new construction residential plumbing. Steel pipe has National Pipe Thread (NPT) standard tapered male threads, which connect with female tapered threads on elbows, tees, couplers, valves, and other fittings. Galvanized steel (often known simply as "galv" or "iron" in the plumbing trade) is relatively expensive, and difficult to work with due to weight and requirement of a pipe threader. It remains in common use for repair of existing "galv" systems and to satisfy building code non-combustibility requirements typically found in hotels, apartment buildings and other commercial applications. It is also extremely durable and resistant to mechanical abuse. Black lacquered steel pipe is the most widely used pipe material for fire sprinklers and natural gas.

Most typical single family home systems won't require supply piping larger than 3/4 inch (19 mm) due to expense as well as steel piping's tendency to become obstructed from internal rusting and mineral deposits forming on the inside of the pipe over time once the internal galvanizing zinc coating has degraded. In potable water distribution service, galvanized steel pipe has a service life of about 30 to 50 years, although it is not uncommon for it to be less in geographic areas with corrosive water contaminants.

Copper

Main article: Copper tubing

Copper pipe and tubing was widely used for domestic water systems in the latter half of the twentieth century. In the early twenty-first century, the rising price of copper drove a shift to plastic pipes for new construction.

Plastic

Main article: Plastic pipe
Plastic hot and cold supply piping for a sink

Plastic pipe is in wide use for domestic water supply and drain-waste-vent (DWV) pipe. Principal types include: Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) was produced experimentally in the 19th century but did not become practical to manufacture until 1926, when Waldo Semon of BF Goodrich Co. developed a method to plasticize PVC, making it easier to process. PVC pipe began to be manufactured in the 1940s and was in wide use for Drain-Waste-Vent piping during the reconstruction of Germany and Japan following WWII. In the 1950s, plastics manufacturers in Western Europe and Japan began producing acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) pipe. The method for producing cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) was also developed in the 1950s. Plastic supply pipes have become increasingly common, with a variety of materials and fittings employed.

  • PVC/CPVC – rigid plastic pipes similar to PVC drain pipes but with thicker walls to deal with municipal water pressure, introduced around 1970. PVC stands for polyvinyl chloride, and it’s become a common replacement for metal piping. PVC should be used only for cold water, or for venting. CPVC can be used for hot and cold potable water supply. Connections are made with primers and solvent cements as required by code.
  • PP – The material is used primarily in housewares, food packaging, and clinical equipment, but since the early 1970s has seen increasing use worldwide for both domestic hot and cold water. PP pipes are heat fused, being unsuitable for the use of glues, solvents, or mechanical fittings. PP pipe is often used in green building projects.
  • PBT – flexible (usually gray or black) plastic pipe which is attached to barbed fittings and secured in place with a copper crimp ring. The primary manufacturer of PBT tubing and fittings was driven into bankruptcy by a class-action lawsuit over failures of this system. However, PB and PBT tubing has since returned to the market and codes, typically first for "exposed locations" such as risers.
  • PEX – cross-linked polyethylene system with mechanically joined fittings employing barbs, and crimped steel or copper rings.
  • Polytanks – plastic polyethylene cisterns, underground water tanks, above ground water tanks, are usually made of linear polyethylene suitable as a potable water storage tank, provided in white, black or green.
  • Aqua – known as PEX-Al-PEX, for its PEX/aluminum sandwich, consisting of aluminum pipe sandwiched between layers of PEX, and connected with modified brass compression fittings. In 2005, a large number of these fittings were recalled.[further explanation needed]

Present-day water-supply systems use a network of high-pressure pumps, and pipes in buildings are now made of copper, brass, plastic (particularly cross-linked polyethylene called PEX, which is estimated to be used in 60% of single-family homes), or other nontoxic material. Due to its toxicity, lead has not been used in modern water-supply piping since the 1930s in the United States, although lead was used in plumbing solder for drinking water until it was banned in 1986. Drain and vent lines are made of plastic, steel, cast-iron, or lead.

Components

A variety of stainless steel plumbing components commonly used to connect various pipes and devices together

In addition to lengths of pipe or tubing, pipe fittings are used in plumbing systems, such as valves, elbows, tees, and unions. Pipe and fittings are held in place with pipe hangers and strapping.

Plumbing fixtures are exchangeable devices using water that can be connected to a building's plumbing system. They are considered to be "fixtures", in that they are semi-permanent parts of buildings, not usually owned or maintained separately. Plumbing fixtures are seen by and designed for the end-users. Some examples of fixtures include water closets (also known as toilets), urinals, bidets, showers, bathtubs, utility and kitchen sinks, drinking fountains, ice makers, humidifiers, air washers, fountains, and eye wash stations.

Sealants

Threaded pipe joints are sealed with thread seal tape or pipe dope. Many plumbing fixtures are sealed to their mounting surfaces with plumber's putty.

Equipment and tools

A plumber tightening the fitting on a gas supply line.

Plumbing equipment includes devices often hidden behind walls or in utility spaces which are not seen by the general public. It includes water meters, pumps, expansion tanks, backflow preventers, water filters, UV sterilization lights, water softeners, water heaters, heat exchangers, gauges, and control systems.

Specialized plumbing tools include pipe wrenches, flaring pliers, pipe vise, pipe bending machine, pipe cutter, dies and joining tools such as soldering torches and crimp tools. New tools have been developed to help plumbers fix problems more efficiently. For example, plumbers use video cameras for inspections of hidden leaks or problems, they use hydro jets, and high pressure hydraulic pumps connected to steel cables for trench-less sewer line replacement.

Flooding from excessive rain or clogged sewers may require specialized equipment, such as a heavy duty pumper truck designed to vacuum raw sewage.

Regulation

A pipe wrench for holding and turning pipe

Much of the plumbing work in populated areas is regulated by government or quasi-government agencies due to the direct impact on the public's health, safety, and welfare. Plumbing installation and repair work on residences and other buildings generally must be done according to plumbing and building codes to protect the inhabitants of the buildings and to ensure safe, quality construction to future buyers. If permits are required for work, plumbing contractors typically secure them from the authorities on behalf of home or building owners.

In the United Kingdom the professional body is the Chartered Institute of Plumbing and Heating Engineering (educational charity status) and it is true that the trade still remains virtually ungoverned; there are no systems in place to monitor or control the activities of unqualified plumbers or those home owners who choose to undertake installation and maintenance works themselves, despite the health and safety issues which arise from such works when they are undertaken incorrectly; see Health Aspects of Plumbing (HAP) published jointly by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Plumbing Council (WPC). WPC has subsequently appointed a representative to the World Health Organization to take forward various projects related to Health Aspects of Plumbing.

In the United States, plumbing codes and licensing are generally controlled by state and local governments. At the national level, the Environmental Protection Agency has set guidelines about what constitutes lead-free plumbing fittings and pipes, in order to comply with the Safe Drinking Water Act.

Some widely used Standards in the United States are:

  • ASME A112.6.3 – Floor and Trench Drains
  • ASME A112.6.4 – Roof, Deck, and Balcony Drains
  • ASME A112.18.1/CSA B125.1 – Plumbing Supply Fittings
  • ASME A112.19.1/CSA B45.2 – Enameled Cast Iron and Enameled Steel Plumbing Fixtures
  • ASME A112.19.2/CSA B45.1 – Ceramic Plumbing Fixtures

Notes

  1. ^ Blankenbaker, Keith. Modern Plumbing. Goodheart Willcox. 
  2. ^ Muscroft, Steve (2016-03-14). Plumbing. Elsevier. p. 3. 
  3. ^ "Health Aspects of Plumbing". 
  4. ^ Plumbing: the Arteries of Civilization, Modern Marvels video series, The History Channel, AAE-42223, A&E Television, 1996
  5. ^ "What Is The Origin Of The Word "plumbing"?". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. May 12, 1942. Retrieved December 27, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Archaeologists Urge Pentagon To Keep Soldiers From Destroying". Herald-Journal. Mar 19, 2003. Retrieved December 27, 2013. 
  7. ^ Teresi et al. 2002
  8. ^ a b Kavanaugh, Sean. "History of Plumbing Pipe and Plumbing Material". 
  9. ^ "Public Notice .Lead Contamination Informative City Ok Moscow Water System". Moscow-Pullman Daily News. August 12, 1988. Retrieved December 27, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Basic Plumbing System". Retrieved 4 January 2016. 
  11. ^ a b http://www.cispi.org/products/types.aspx Cast Iron Soil Pipe Institute
  12. ^ "What’s the difference between PVC and CPVC pipe?". 
  13. ^ Bidisha Mukherjee. "Polypropylene Properties and Uses". Buzzle. 
  14. ^ http://www.greenbuildingpro.com/resources/whitepapers/1337-one-of-utahs-leeding-residences-full
  15. ^ "Walking The Talk". pmengineer.com. 
  16. ^ Copper Tube Handbook, the Copper Development Association, New York, USA, 2006
  17. ^ California’s PEX Battle Continues. Builderonline.com
  18. ^ a b Macek, MD.; Matte, TD.; Sinks, T.; Malvitz, DM. (Jan 2006). "Blood lead concentrations in children and method of water fluoridation in the United States, 1988–1994.". Environ Health Perspect 114 (1): 130–4. doi:10.1289/ehp.8319. PMC 1332668. PMID 16393670. 
  19. ^ Uniform Plumbing Code, IAPMO
  20. ^ International Plumbing Code, ICC
  21. ^ "Miscellaneous Valves". Retrieved December 27, 2013. 
  22. ^ "Basic Plumbing Principles". The Evening Independent. November 10, 1926. Retrieved December 27, 2013. 
  23. ^ "Key To Pop-up Drain Is Fresh Plumber's Putty". Daily News. January 12, 2003. Retrieved December 27, 2013. 
  24. ^ Carol Potera (August 2015). "Plumbing Pathogens: A Fixture in Hospitals and Homes". Environ Health Perspecives; 123 (8). doi:10.1289/ehp.123-A217. 
  25. ^ a b Joseph O. Falkinham III, Elizabeth D. Hilborn, Matthew J. Arduino, Amy Pruden, and Marc A. Edwards (August 2015). "Epidemiology and Ecology of Opportunistic Premises Plumbing Pathogens: Legionella pneumophila, Mycobacterium avium, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa". Environ Health Perspecives; 123 (8). doi:10.1289/ehp.1408692. 
  26. ^ "The Chartered Institute of Plumbing and Heating Engineering (CIPHE)". Retrieved March 29, 2014. 
  27. ^ "World Plumbing Council". Retrieved October 11, 2009. 
  28. ^ "WHO Health aspects of plumbing". Retrieved October 11, 2009. 
  29. ^ "World Plumbing Council". Retrieved October 11, 2009. 

External links

 
 

ABOUT MISSION VIEJO CA:

Mission Viejo, California
City
The Saddleback Mountains and Lake Mission Viejo
The Saddleback Mountains and Lake Mission Viejo
Official seal of Mission Viejo, California
Seal
Motto: "Make Living Your Mission"
Location of Mission Viejo within Orange County, California.
Location of Mission Viejo within Orange County, California.
Mission Viejo, California is located in USA
Location in the United States
Country United States
State California
County Orange
Incorporated March 31, 1988
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor Frank Ury
 • City Manager Dennis Wilberg
Area
 • Total 18.123 sq mi (46.939 km2)
 • Land 17.739 sq mi (45.944 km2)
 • Water 0.384 sq mi (0.995 km2)  2.12%
Elevation 410 ft (125 m)
Population (April 1, 2010)
 • Total 93,305
 • Estimate (2013) 96,346
 • Density 5,100/sq mi (2,000/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 92691–92692, 92694
Area code(s) 949
FIPS code 06-48256
GNIS feature IDs 1661045, 2411123
Website www.cityofmissionviejo.org

Mission Viejo is a city in Orange County, California, United States in the Saddleback Valley. Mission Viejo is considered one of the largest master-planned communities ever built under a single project in the United States, and is rivaled only by Highlands Ranch, Colorado, in its size. Its population as of 2014 was estimated at 96,346.

Mission Viejo is suburban in nature and culture. The city is mainly residential, although there are a number of offices and businesses within its city limits. The city is known for its picturesque tree-lined neighborhoods, receiving recognition from the National Arbor Day Foundation. The city's name is a reference to Rancho Mission Viejo, a large Spanish land grant from which the community was founded.

History

Mission Viejo was purchased by John Forster, a Mexican also known as Don Juan. During the Mexican-American War, Forster provided fresh horses to United States military forces which were used on the march of San Diego to retake Los Angeles.

Mission Viejo was a hilly region primarily used as cattle and sheep grazing land, since it was of little use to farmers. This city was one of the last regions of Orange County to be urbanized due to its geologic complexity. In 1960, early developers dismissed most of the land in Mission Viejo as simply "undevelopable".

Donald Bren, an urban planner who later became the president of the Irvine Company, drafted a master plan which placed roads in the valleys and houses on the hills, and contoured to the geography of the area. The plan worked, and by 1980 much of the city of Mission Viejo was completed. During the late 1970s and the 1980s, houses in Mission Viejo were in such high demand that housing tracts often sold out before construction even began on them. The houses and shopping centers in the city are almost uniformly designed in a Spanish mission style, with "adobe"-like stucco walls and barrel-tile roofs. Many point to Mission Viejo as the first and largest manifestation of Bren's obsession with Spanish architecture. Bren's company was also the creator of the developments in Irvine, and Newport Beach. The company expanded its operations and went on to build the Lakes project in Tempe, Arizona, Mission Viejo Aurora in Colorado and was the initial master planner of Highlands Ranch, both in the Denver Metropolitan area.

The seal of the city of Mission Viejo was designed and drawn by Carl Glassford, an artist and former resident of the city.

Geography

Mission Viejo is located at 33°36'46?N 117°39'22?W? / ?33.61278°N 117.65611°W? / 33.61278; -117.65611 (33.612739, -117.656038).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.1 square miles (47 km2). 17.7 square miles (46 km2) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) of it (2.12%) is water. A significant portion of the surface water is held in Lake Mission Viejo, an artificial lake stretching approximately one mile from Olympiad Road to Alicia Parkway along Marguerite Parkway.

It is bordered by Lake Forest on the northwest, Trabuco Canyon on the northeast, Rancho Santa Margarita and Ladera Ranch on the east, San Juan Capistrano on the south, and Laguna Niguel and Laguna Hills on the west.

Climate

Mission Viejo enjoys a borderline semi-arid/Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification BSh/Csa), with mild temperatures and plentiful sunshine year-round. Rainfall totals, which average around 14 inches (355 millimetres) annually are focused primarily in the months from November to March. Summer is very dry and virtually rainless, however thunderstorms do rarely occur. Due to the city's proximity to the ocean, nighttime and morning clouds are fairly common, especially in the months of May and June, a weather phenomenon commonly known as June Gloom or May Gray.

Like most of Southern California, the city is prone to dry Santa Ana winds, which bring hot air from inland and punctuate the normally mild temperatures with noticeable jumps. For example, temperatures have reached highs of 90 °F (32 °C) and above throughout many months of the year, occasionally into the autumn months. Snowfall within city limits is very rare, however the nearby Saddleback Mountains receive a dusting of snow every few winters. Since 2012, California is experiencing the worst drought in a century.

Climate data for Mission Viejo, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 68
(20)
68
(20)
69
(21)
72
(22)
73
(23)
75
(24)
79
(26)
80
(27)
80
(27)
77
(25)
72
(22)
67
(19)
73.3
(23)
Average low °F (°C) 44
(7)
45
(7)
47
(8)
50
(10)
54
(12)
58
(14)
61
(16)
60
(16)
59
(15)
54
(12)
48
(9)
43
(6)
51.9
(11)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.85
(72.4)
3.42
(86.9)
1.96
(49.8)
.88
(22.4)
.25
(6.4)
.11
(2.8)
.06
(1.5)
.03
(0.8)
.25
(6.4)
.65
(16.5)
1.09
(27.7)
2.38
(60.5)
13.93
(353.8)
Source: Weather Channel

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970 11,933
1980 50,666 324.6%
1990 72,820 43.7%
2000 93,102 27.9%
2010 93,305 0.2%
Est. 2014 97,209 4.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Mission Viejo had a population of 93,305. The population density was 5,148.3 people per square mile (1,987.8/km²). The racial makeup of Mission Viejo was 74,493 (79.8%) White (68.9% Non-Hispanic White), 1,210 (1.3%) African American, 379 (0.4%)
 
 
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